Bus Service – foreigners are unlikely to brave Cairo’s chaotic-looking bus system (mainly due to language barriers). For those who choose this transportation option anyway, the large red, white and blue public buses go through the entire city and are cheap, but are always crowded. There are the similar buses (with air-conditioning) that charge 2 L.E. for the trip and prohibit standing on the bus. They can be found in the main squares in Cairo. Also found in main squares are the smaller mini-buses that are usually orange and white or red, white and blue. Because of sexual harassment issues, female passengers should only to take the small micro-buses and buses (which prohibit standing).
Apart from the main bus stations, passengers can hail buses from street-level. Buses’ destinations are usually unmarked. Instead, passengers should shout out (or use a number of sign-language like hand codes) their destinations and if the bus goes this place it will stop. On micro-buses, the fare starts at 50 piastres and goes up to 1 LE. Visitors unfamiliar with Cairo can ask bus drivers or passengers to let them know where their stop is (assuming language is not an issue). Simply politely blurt out the name of your destination to the bus driver or a friendly looking passenger and they will take care of you.